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Agriculture Marketing Information Service
Directorate of Agriculture (Economics & Marketing) Punjab, Lahore
Average Farmer's Cost of Prodution of Sugarcane in the Punjab: 2005-06 and 2006-07 Crops
Sr.No Operations / inputs Average No./Oprs/ Unit/acre 2005-06 Crop 2006-07 Crop Change in 2006-07 over 2005-06
Rate per unit Cost per acre Rate per unit cost per acre
1 2 3 4 5=3*4 6 7=3*6 87-5
1 Land preparation
1.1 Deep ploughing 0.476 425 202.3 575 273.7 71.4
1.2 Rotavator 0.152 465 70.68 630 95.38 25.08
1.3 Ploughing 7.847 155 1216.29 210 1647.87 431.59
1.4 planking 3.309 75 248.18 105 347.45 99.27
1.5 Levelling 0.561 205 115.01 275 154.28 39.27
2 Seed bed  preparation
2.1 Ploughing/Furrow making 0.467 155 36.19 210 49.04 12.84
2.2 Plamking 0.193 75 7.24 105 10.13 2.9
2.3 Trench/Ridge making            
       2.3.1 Manual (m.days) 0.106 120 6.36 125 6.63 0.27
       2.3.2 Tractor  0.7 155 54.25 210 73.5 19.25
2.4 Bund making            
       2.4.1 Manual (m.day) 1.655 120 99.3 125 103.44 4.14
       2.4.2 Tractor 0.158 155 12.25 210 16.59 4.35
3 Seed and Sowing operations
3.1 40 Kg units 6.578 45 148.01 65 213.79 65.78
3.2 Marlas 10.64 225 1197 325 1729 532
3.3 Harvesting,stripping and making of set (m.day) 4.796 120 287.76 125 299.75 11.99
3.4 Transport     120   145 25
3.5 Sowing of sets (m.day) 0.781 120 46.86 125 48.81 1.95
3.6 Contract sowing     145   150 5
4 Interculture and Earthing up
4.1 Manual/binding of plants 0.609 475 289.28 495 301.46 12.18
4.2 Bullock/tractor 2.008 155 311.24 210 421.68 110.44
5 Plant protection 
5.1 weedicides 0.124 225 27.9 230 28.52 0.62
5.2 Granules 0.07 220 15.4 225 15.75 0.35
5.3 Spary 0.331 200 66.2 205 67.86 1.66
5.4 Other 0.161 460 74.06 470 75.67 0.61
6 Irrigation
6.1 Canal 8.9   250   250 0
6.2 Private tubewell 4.44 380 1687.2 530 2353.2 666
6.3 Mixed 2.16 85 183.6 120 259.2 75.6
6.4 Labour for Irrigation and water course cleaning (m.day) 4.86 120 583.2 125 607.5 24.3
7 Farm yard manure 
7.1 Material     550   560 10
7.2 Transport & application     425   490 65
8 Fertilizer (bags)
8.1 DAP 1.28 1048 1341.44 1073 1373.44 32
8.2 Urea 1.73 487 842.51 517 894.41 51.9
8.3 Nitrophos 0.35 711 248.85 699 244.65 -4.2
8.4 SSP 0.01 374 3.74 370 3.7 -0.04
8.5 CAN 0.01 390 3.9 375 3.75 -0.15
8.6 Sop 0.07 969 67.83 1191 83.37 15.54
8.7 Sypsum 0.44 40 17.6 40 17.6 0
8.8 Fert. Transport and application 3.89 25 97.25 30 116.7 19.45
9 Mark up  @ 9.0 % per annum for13 months on item 1 to 8 minus item 6.1     940.23   1295.11 354.88
10 Land rent for 13 months   5000 5416.67 5500 5958.33 541.67
11 Weighted average land tax @ Rs 131/acre/annum for 13 months     142   142 0
12 Management charges for 13 months     598   657 59
13 Harvesting & Sttripping (40 kg unit) 565.15 6 3356.99 6.5 3636.74 279.75
14 Expected escalation in cost of selected items     640   1046 406
15 Total cost (items 1 to 14)     22192.74   26268.35 4075.61
16 Yield (40 kg units)     565.15   565.15 0
17 Cost of production at farm level: (Rs/40 Kgs)
17.1 including land rent     39.27   46.48 7.21
17.2 excluding land rent     29.68   35.94 6.25
18 Marketing expenses: (Rs/40kgs)
18.1 Transport, etc     5.5   6 0.5
18.2 Developnent cess     0.25   0.25 0
19 Cost of production atmill-gate: (Rs/40 Kgs)
19.1 including land rent     45.02   52.73 7.71
19.2 excluding land rent     35.43   42.19 6.75